Pottery is the art and the product of shaping clay objects into various products and containers with clay and various other porcelain materials that are fired at very high temperatures to provide them with a strong, durable surface. Major categories comprise earthenware, glazed ceramics, stoneware, porcelain, and enameled pottery.
- The manufacturing process is different for each type of pottery, and potters in general use a wide variety of equipment to achieve their artistic results. Most pottery tools are powered by steam or air, but some tools are powered by wood. The place in which these wares are manufactured is commonly known as a pottery factory.
- In the manufacture of many pottery clay bodies used for the purpose of cooking, there is a need for a body that can retain heat, be heat resistant, be light weight, absorb moisture, and be able to be thoroughly baked.
- Many potters use a two or three-quarter inch thick hard clay body for baking purposes. Other bodies have thinner bodies and are known as slabs or tiles. These can be baked in an oven at higher temperatures for a longer period of time.
- Pottery glazes that are fired in a kiln to make enameled pottery clay are referred to as kaolin. It is a white clay that is soft and ductile and has great elasticity. There are several types of kaolin, each having its own peculiar properties. It is extremely soluble in water, so it must be mixed with water before use.
- Another important ingredient necessary for pottery clay work is the addition of impurities. Impurities are generally either air or moisture and occur naturally during the kiln firing process. People also use pottery clay and resin epoxy in UAE combined to make a decoration piece.
- There are various ways that pottery clay can be worked, but the most basic way to work the material is by rolling it into tight curls and then pulling these curls into tight coils. These are then formed into bowls, vases, tins, pottery pots, figurines, etc. depending on the type of pottery clay being used. In general, the most sought-after forms are the most durable and least expensive due to its mass production.
- The greatest advantage pottery clays have over other materials when it comes to color and durability is that they resist stains and heat extremely well. This is what allows clay to retain its natural color indefinitely, especially if it is made with kaolin and pottery clay containing high levels of clay nutrients.